MUSHROOM WORLD
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Your resource for fungi information

Edible Mushrooms

Here is a list of edible mushrooms. Remember, though mushrooms can be a very pleasant culinary experience or--if misidentified--make you sick or kill you. If you do collect fungi for the table, do not eat mushrooms you are not 100% certain of. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. The responsibility for the identification is yours; the site takes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong identifications. Please read the disclaimer. Remember: "If in doubt, throw it out!"

Click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Agaricus arvensis   (Horse Mushroom)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 8-20 cm diameter, stem 8-10 cm tall * 2-3 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible and good

Description
This large, sometimes massive agaric has a white cap, ringed stem, and pink or chocolate colored gills.

Cap is white or cream colored, yellowing slightly with age or on bruising; smooth or finely scaly, cap is at first ovoid, becoming convex and later expanded. Flesh is white, firm and thick. Gills are at first white, becoming pink, then chocolate brown or blackish, free and crowded. Stem is white or cream; it is slightly club-shaped and smooth or finely scaly below the ring. Ring is white or cream, pendulous and superior.

Similar species There are several similar species. Agaricus macrosporus are very fleshy, with scaly stem girdles. Agaricus sylvicola is a woodland variety. Agaricus augustus and Agaricus xanthoderma are also similar. Be careful not to confuse it with the deadly poisonous Amanita virosa, which has white gills.
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Agaricus augustus   (The Prince)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 10-20 cm diameter, stem 10-20 cm tall * 2-4 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible and good

Description
Tall, sometimes massive agaric, scaly cap on a thick stalk. Stalk scaly below ring. Surfaces of all parts stain yellow when handled or bruised.

Cap Convex at first, often flattened on disc, expanding slowly to a flat cap, sometimes with a broad, low hump. Chestnut, soon breaking up into fibrous scales in more or less concentric rings against a yellow-tinged background. Flesh whitish, firm and thick. Gills at first pallid pink, becoming chocolate brown or blackish at maturity. Stem Solid; cylindrical to club-shaped. The surface is white. Ring membranous, with patches of brownish fibrils under.

Similar species Agaricus subrefescens found in central and eastern U.S.
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Albatrellus ovinus   (Sheep Polypore)
Family
Polyporaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 7-18 cm diameter, stem 3-7 cm tall * 1-3 cm thick
Edibility
Edible

Description
From above, this creamy to pale gray-brown polypore looks like an agaric or a hedgehog mushrooom, but it has minute pores on the underside. It stains lemon or greenish yellow, particularly on the pores. The skin of the convex cap often cracks with age. It has a sturdy stem and very firm, mild to slightly bitter white flesh. Grows under conifers, mycorrhizal with spruce on moss-covered soil.

Similar species Albatrellus confluens is more orange and does not stain yellow; it tastes bitter.
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Armillaria mellea   (Honey Mushroom)
Family
Marasmiaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 3-15 cm diameter, stem 6-15 cm tall * 0.5-1.5 cm thick
Edibility
Edible

Description
This large agaric has a convex, flattened, or wavy, olive-tinged, pale yellow-brown cap with a darker center and sparse pale scales. Grows in dense caespitose clusters on and around the stumps of leaf and coniferous trees.

Cap variable through ochraceous, tawny and dark brown, covered in darker fibrillose scales, more so towards the centre; at first convex, becoming flattened and wavy. Flesh white, thin and firm. Gills at first white, becoming yellowish and then brown, with darker spots in old specimens, decurrent, broad and crowded. Stem at first whitish, becoming yellowish or reddish brown, more or less equal or tapering towards the base, finely wholly. Ring yellowish, cottony or woolly, superior, fairly persistent.
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Boletus badius   (Bay Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-14 cm diameter, stem 4-12 cm tall * 1-4 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible and good

Description
This large bolete with bay-brown cap and lemon-yellow pores bruises distinctively bluish green.

Cap is bay-brown, sometimes with brick-red or ochre tinges; convex or bun-shaped, it is at first downy, becoming smooth and polished, somewhat sticky when damp. Flesh is white or lemon-yellow. Where cut, it becomes faintly blue. Stem is a pallid cap color with fine cottony fibrils; it is fairly stout, more or less equal. Ring is absent.

Similar species Boletus edulis has a barrel-shaped stem with white net patterning.
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Boletus edulis   (King Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 8–20(30) cm; stem 6-8 cm tall * 2-4 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible and excellent

Description
A large, robust bolete with dull brown cap, dirty white pores and stout and swollen stem. White net over upper stem.

Cap Dull cigar- or bay-brown; convex or bun-shaped, at first with a whitish bloom, becoming smooth and dry. Flesh white, unchanged when cut or bruised. Pores white or cream colored, discoloring dirty yellowish grey. Tubes white at first, slowly becoming greyish yellow to olive-brown. Stem pallid cap-color background, covered with a white network, stout and bulbous. Ring absent. Interior solid.

Similar species Boletus variipes has a dry, tan cap and grows with oak; Tylopilus felleus is similar when young but tastes bitter.
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Boletus pinophilus   (Pinewood King Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 6–15(20) cm; stem 5-15 cm tall * 4-7 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible and excellent

Description
Large bolete with dark brown cap, cream pores, reddish brown netted, bulbous stem. Grows solitary or scattered on soil specifically with Scots Pine.

Cap Dark brown with reddish tinge; convex or bun-shaped, becoming expanded with age, dull, sometimes slightly wrinkled. Flesh white, tinged cap color beneath the cuticle, unchanging, thick, fairly firm. Pores white then cream, becoming olivaceous-brown with age, circular and small. Spores pallid olivaceous-yellow colored. Stem Pallid, with fine reddish brown dots arranged into a network which is whitish at apex, stout, bulbous. Ring absent. Flesh white, unchanging and fairly firm.

Similar species Boletus edulis has brown color and grows with Pine; Tylopilus felleus is similar when young but tastes bitter.
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Boletus subtomentosus   (Yellow-cracking Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-12 cm diameter, stem 3-8 cm tall * 1-2 cm diameter
Edibility
Edible

Description
This medium to large bolete has a brown cap, chrome-yellow pores, and yellowish stem.

Cap is a tawny brown; convex or bun-shaped, it is at first downy, becoming smooth and sometimes cracking. Flesh is white or pallid yellow, with a faint brownish zone beneath the cap cuticle; it is unchanging, thick and soft. Stem is a pallid cap color, sometimes with a brick-red tinge; it is slender and slightly bulbous. Ring is absent. Flesh is similarly colored as thecap but browner.

Similar species Boletus chrysenteron has a reddish brown cap that cracks to reveal a red underlayer. Boletus pruinatus is smaller.
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