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Edible Mushrooms

Don't eat mushrooms you are not absolutely sure are edible!

Here is a list of edible mushrooms. Remember, though mushrooms can be a very pleasant culinary experience or--if misidentified--make you sick or kill you. Make sure you read the guide to pick edible mushrooms if you intend to pick mushrooms to be eaten.

If you do collect fungi for the table, do not eat mushrooms you are not 100% certain of. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. Consider also that many of the edible mushrooms presented here have toxic look-alikes. Please read the disclaimer.

Click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Agaricus arvensis   (Horse Mushroom)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 8-20 cm diameter, stem 8-10 cm tall * 2-3 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
Agaricus arvensis, commonly known as the horse mushroom, is a sometimes massive agaric has a white cap, ringed stem, and pink or chocolate colored gills.

Cap white or cream colored, may have fine scales, first hemispherical in shape before flattening out with maturity. Flesh is white, firm and thick. Gills are at first white, becoming pink, then chocolate brown or blackish, free and crowded. Stem is white or cream; it is slightly club-shaped and smooth or finely scaly below the ring. Ring is white or cream, pendulous and superior. Viewed from below, on a closed-cap specimen, it has a well-developed 'cogwheel' pattern around the stem.

Similar species There are several similar species. Agaricus macrosporus are very fleshy, with scaly stem girdles. Agaricus sylvicola is a woodland variety. Agaricus augustus and Agaricus xanthoderma are also similar. Be careful not to confuse it with the deadly poisonous Amanita virosa, which has white gills.

Agaricus arvensis on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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Agaricus augustus   (The Prince)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 10-20 cm diameter, stem 10-20 cm tall * 2-4 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
Tall, sometimes massive agaric, scaly cap on a thick stalk. Stalk scaly below ring. Surfaces of all parts stain yellow when handled or bruised.

Cap hemispherical during the so-called button stage, and then expands, becoming convex and finally flat. The cap cuticle is dry, and densely covered with concentrically arranged, brown-coloured scales on a white to yellow background. The flesh is thick, firm and white and may discolour yellow when bruised. Gills are not attached to stem, crowded and pallid at first, and turn pink then dark brown with maturity. Stem Solid; cylindrical to club-shaped. The surface is white. Ring membranous, with patches of brownish fibrils under.

Similar species Agaricus subrefescens found in central and eastern U.S.

Agaricus augustus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Albatrellus ovinus   (Sheep Polypore)
Family
Polyporaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 7-18 cm diameter, stem 3-7 cm tall * 1-3 cm thick
Edibility

Description
From above, this creamy to pale gray-brown polypore looks like an agaric or a hedgehog mushrooom, but it has minute pores on the underside. It stains lemon or greenish yellow, particularly on the pores. The skin of the convex cap often cracks with age. It has a sturdy stem and very firm, mild to slightly bitter white flesh. Grows under conifers, mycorrhizal with spruce on moss-covered soil.

Similar species Albatrellus confluens is more orange and does not stain yellow; it tastes bitter.

Albatrellus ovinus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Armillaria mellea   (Honey Mushroom)
Family
Marasmiaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 3-15 cm diameter, stem 6-15 cm tall * 0.5-1.5 cm thick
Edibility

Description
This large agaric has a convex, flattened, or wavy, olive-tinged, pale yellow-brown cap with a darker center and sparse pale scales. It grows in dense clusters on and around the stumps of leaf and coniferous trees.

Cap convex at first but becoming flattened, often with a central raised umbo, later becoming somewhat dish-shaped. The margins are often arched at maturity and the surface is sticky when wet. Though typically ochraceous, this fungus is rather variable in appearance and sometimes has a few dark, hairy scales near the centre somewhat radially arranged. The flesh white, thin and firm. Gills at first white, sometimes becoming pinkish-yellow or discoloured with age, broad and fairly distant, attached to the stipe at right angles or are slightly decurrent, crowded. The spore print is white. Stem at first whitish, becoming yellowish or reddish brown, more or less equal or tapering towards the base, finely wholly. The ring is yellowish, cottony or woolly, superior and fairly persistent.

Similar species The mushroom can be mistaken with Galerina marginata, which is deadly poisonous.

Armillaria mellea on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Boletus badius   (Bay Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-14 cm diameter, stem 4-12 cm tall * 1-4 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
This large bolete with bay-brown cap and lemon-yellow pores bruises distinctively bluish green.

Cap is bay-brown, sometimes with brick-red or ochre tinges; convex or bun-shaped, it is at first downy, becoming smooth and polished, somewhat sticky when damp. Flesh is white or lemon-yellow. Where cut, it becomes faintly blue. Stem is a pallid cap color with fine cottony fibrils; it is fairly stout, more or less equal. Ring is absent.

Similar species Boletus edulis has a barrel-shaped stem with white net patterning.

Boletus badius on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Boletus edulis   (King Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 8–20(30) cm; stem 6-8 cm tall * 2-4 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
This is a large, robust bolete with dull brown cap, dirty white pores and stout and swollen stem. It has a white net over upper stem. It is a very popular, delicious, meaty mushroom that grows all over the world.

Cap The color is quite variable from light brown to reddish brown, convex or bun-shaped. Flesh white, unchanged when cut or bruised. The pore layer is quite hard when young and white changing to yellowish then to pea soup green to greenish brown becoming fairly soft at maturity. Tubes white at first, slowly becoming greyish yellow to olive-brown. Stem Very thick and club shaped. The stem is usually finely reticulated meaning it has a net shaped raised pattern on the surface. The reticulation is most pronounced near the top. The color can vary from whitish cream to reddish brown. It can become cylindrical at maturity. Ring absent. Interior solid.

Similar species Boletus variipes has a dry, tan cap and grows with oak; Tylopilus felleus is similar when young but tastes bitter and is thus inedible.

Boletus edulis on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Boletus pinophilus   (Pinewood King Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 6–15(20) cm; stem 5-15 cm tall * 4-7 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
This is a large bolete with dark brown cap, cream pores, reddish brown netted, bulbous stem. Grows solitary or scattered on soil.

Cap deep red-brown or copper coloured. Stays convex for a while, but eventually flattens out. Often irregular in shape when mature. The surface is hard, dimpled and rough and sticky when damp. The flesh is white, tinged cap color beneath the cuticle, unchanging, thick, fairly firm. Pores white then cream colored, becoming olivaceous-brown with age, circular and small. Spores pallid olivaceous-yellow colored. Stem thick and egg pr pear shaped when young. The network pattern is dark brown at the bottom and gets lighter towards the cap. Flesh white, unchanging and fairly firm. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species The closely related Boletus edulis has brown color and grows with Pine. Tylopilus felleus is similar when young but tastes bitter and is thus inedible.

Boletus pinophilus on Wikipedia.
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Boletus subtomentosus   (Yellow-cracking Bolete)
Family
Boletaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-12 cm diameter, stem 3-8 cm tall * 1-2 cm diameter
Edibility

Description
This medium to large bolete has a brown cap, chrome-yellow pores, and yellowish stem.

Cap is a tawny brown; convex or bun-shaped, it is at first downy, becoming smooth and sometimes cracking. Flesh is white or pallid yellow, with a faint brownish zone beneath the cap cuticle; it is unchanging, thick and soft. Stem is a pallid cap color, sometimes with a brick-red tinge; it is slender and slightly bulbous. Ring is absent. Flesh is similarly colored as thecap but browner.

Similar species Boletus chrysenteron has a reddish brown cap that cracks to reveal a red underlayer. Boletus pruinatus is smaller.

Boletus subtomentosus on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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WARNING

If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Do not eat mushrooms you are not 100% certain of. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. The site takes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong identifications. If you continue, you agree to view this website under these terms.