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Poisonous Mushrooms

Here is a list of some poisonous mushrooms, of which many are deadly poisonous. Do not under any circumstances taste or eat of any of these mushrooms.

Take in consideration that mushrooms can look different depending on the location and climate. The photos on this page may not be representable for species in your area.

Click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Hebeloma mesophaeum   (Veiled Poisonpie)
Family
Bolbitiaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2.5-4.5 cm diameter, stem 4-7 cm tall * 0.3-0.4 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Hebeloma mesophaeum, also known as Veiled Poisonpie, is a smallish agaric that has a greasy cap with dark brown centre and paler margin, clay gills and pale stem with ring. It grows solitary or in small groups on soil, with conifers, less frequently with broad-leaf trees on late summer to autumn. The mushroom is moderately poisonous.

Cap dry, or slightly greasy, gray-brown, darker chocolate-brown toward center with pallid whitish margin decorated with fibrous velar remnants when young. Gills notched, medium spaced and pale brown coloured. Spores are rust colored. Flesh brownish, firm and stuffed. Stem pallid buff, becoming tinged brown with age, more or less equal, sometimes with a faint or more prominent ring zone.

Hebeloma mesophaeum on the First Nature Web site.
Hebeloma mesophaeum on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Hypholoma fasciculare   (Sulphur Tuft)
Family
Strophhariaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-7 cm diameter, 4-10 cm tall * 0.5-1 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Hypholoma fasciculare, also known as Sulphur Tuft Mushroom, is a medium-sized agaric that has a yellowish tan cap and stem, sulphur or blackish brown gills, and a faint ring zone. It often grows in clusters on stumps of broad-leaf and coniferous trees.

Cap convex, sulphur-yellow with darker orange center. It is expanded with age, smooth but with velar remnants attached to the margin. Flesh is sulphur-yellow, firm and moderate. Gills green sheen on greenish yellow to alove-brown, crowded, adnate. Stem is more or less similarly colored as the cap, but it is darker brown towards the base. Ring is zone-like, faint, and with maturity same color as spores.

Hypholoma fasciculare on the First Nature Web site.
Hypholoma fasciculare on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Inocybe lacera   (Torn-cap Inocybe)
Family
Cortinariaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 1-4 cm diameter, stem 2-4 cm tall * 0.2-0.5 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Inocybe lacera, also know as Torn-cap Inocybe, is in appearance a typical "little brown mushroom", but specific features are very variable. It grows often on sandy soil with coniferous trees and on old moss-covered fire sites.

Cap snuff-brown, typically convex with a small umbo, fibrillose and scaley. The margin curves inwards, and often splits. Flesh is whitish and unchanging. Gills are cream colored in younger specimens, becoming grey-brown with whitish edges. They are notched at the margin or reach towards but are not attached to the stem. Spores are tobacco brown. Stem brown at the slightly bulbous base, but lighter towards the apex, and fibrillose. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Inocybe lanuginosa has a woollier stem and spores with nodules.

Inocybe lacera on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Lactarius helvus   (Poison Lactarius)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-10 cm diameter; stem 3-6 cm tall * 1-2.3 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Lactarius helvus, also known as Poison Lactarius, is a medium-sized or large agaric that has a spicy smell, similar to curry. It has a cinnamon-brown cap, buff gills and excluding colourless, transparent milk. It grows solitary or in scattered groups on soil.

Cap velvety, initially slightly convex, becoming funnel-shaped as it matures and has a faint zonate (bull's-eye) pattern, beige or light grey at the margins and darkening toward the centre. Gills decurrent, first cream coloured, then darkening to ochre-yellow. The flesh is white or beige, often pink-tinged. Stem is similarly colored as the cap or more reddish brown, more or less equal. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius aquifluus is very similar in appearance and grows in North America.

Lactarius helvus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Macrolepiota rachodes   (Shaggy Parasol Lepiota)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-15 cm diameter; stem 10-15 cm tall * 1-1.5 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Macrolepiota rachodes, also know as Shaggy Parasol Lepiota, is a large, fleshy agaric with shaggy, pale grey-brown cap and whitish gem with ring and bulbous base. It grows solitary or scattered on in woods generally, often with conifers.

[Description is under work.]

Chlorophyllum rhacodes on the Firs Nature Web site.
Chlorophyllum rhacodes on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Mycena pura   (Poison Radish Ground Mycena)
Family
Thricholomataceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-6 cm diameter, stem 3-9 cm tall * 0.3-1 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Mycena pura, also know as the Poison Radish Ground Mycena, is a small or medium, variable agaric comes in many different colours, usually with purple tints. Some are considered separate species or varieties; all smell of radishes. It grows typically in wooded and open habitats on humus-rich soil.

Cap convex or bell-shaped, becoming flattened; the margin lined; bald; moist or dry; typically lilac to purple when young, but often fading or developing other shades. Gills adnexed to adnate, may be sinuate and notched; whitish or sometimes slightly pinkish to purplish; developing cross-veins with maturity. Spores the spore print is white. Stem equal; hollow; smooth or with tiny hairs; usually similar coloured as the cap or paler. The mushroom has no ring.

Mycena pura on the First Nature Web site.
Mycena pura on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Paxillus involutus   (Poison Pax)
Family
Paxillaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-12 cm diameter, stem 3-7 cm tall * 0.8-1.2 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Paxillus involutus, also know as Poison Pax, has a strongly inrolled, yellow- to red-brown cap, with a downy margin and slightly depressed center and ochre-brown gills. It grows solitary or in trooping groups on soil in leaf woods.

Cap initially convex then more funnel-shaped with a depressed centre and rolled rim, may be reddish-, yellowish- or olive-brown in colour. The surface is initially downy and later smooth, becoming sticky when wet. Gills brownish yellow, narrow, decurrent and forked, and can be peeled easily from the flesh. They further down toward the stem become more irregular and anastomose. Stem is similarly colored as the cap, however bruising darker brown. It is smooth, equal or tapering downwards. The mushroom has not ring.

Similar species Paxillus filamentous has a less incurved margin, yellow flesh, and occurs under alder.

Paxillus involutus on the First Nature Web site.
Paxillus involutus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Russula emetica   (The Sickener)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 3-10 cm diameter, stem 4-9 cm tall * 0.7-2 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Russula emetica, also know as The Sickener, is a medium-sized agaric that has a convex to slightly depressed, sharlet-red cap. It grows mainly with coniferous trees in boggy areas. It is not highly poisonous and has a very hot taste.

Cap convex to slightly depressed, and often shiny scarlet or cherry red, becoming sticky at wet. Gills are whitish, becoming pallid straw, more or less free, brittle, and narrow. Spores are white. Stem white, club shaped with a scurfy skin.

Similar species Russula silvicola is the common dry woodland species across North America. Russula fageticola usually grows under beech trees, and it also tastes hot. Amanita muscaria has veil patches on the cap, a stem ring, and a bulb.

Russula emetica on the www.first-nature.com web site.
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WARNING

If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Do not eat mushrooms you are not 100% certain of. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. The site takes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong identifications. If you continue, you agree to view this website under these terms.