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Lycoperdon perlatum   (Common Puffball)
Family
Lycoperdaceae
Location
North America, Europe, South America
Dimensions
2.5-6 cm diameter * 2-9 cm tall
Edibility

Description
Rounded, typically with a distinct stem, this white to yellowish brown species is covered with short spines, each surrounded by smaller, grainlike scales. Grows typically in troops on soil in mixed woodland.

Fruiting body white, becoming ochre-brown, covered with short pyramidial warts which fall off to reveal endoperidium decorated with a reticulate patter; sub-spherical opening by an apical pore, the fertile head tapering down into a distinct, sterile, basal region. Spore mass at first white and firm, becoming olive-brown and powdery. Spores are pale yellow to olive-brown.

Similar species Lycoperdon nigrescens has longer, darker spines in groups, like those of the much longer-spined Lycoperdon echinatum. The surface of both has a similar pattern when the spines fall off.

Lycoperdon perlatum on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.



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