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Russula xerampelina   (Crab Russula)
North America, Europe
Cap 5-14 cm diameter; stem 3-11 cm tall * 1-3 cm diameter

This is a medium to large agaric, hard-fleshed cap; color varies, often dark red or purple. Mature plats have a fishy odor. All parts slowly stain dingy yellow-brown when cut or bruised.

Cap convex, becoming later flat, with a broad, shallow depression. Surface sticky when moist, but soon dry; smooth - not streaked or warty. Color most often dark red, but may be dark purple, pink, green or brown, often with traces of yellow. Gills broad, close to subdistant, adnate, yellowish white. Stem solid at first, later spongy. Surface white or flushed with pink; dry, smooth to wrinkled.

Russula xerampelina on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.


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