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Poisonous Mushrooms

Here is a list of some poisonous mushrooms, of which many are deadly poisonous. Do not under any circumstances taste or eat of any of these mushrooms.

Take in consideration that mushrooms can look different depending on the location and climate. The photos on this page may not be representable for species in your area.

Click on the pictures to enlarge them.

Hebeloma crustuliniforme   (Poison Pie)
Family
Bolbitiaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-10 cm diameter, stem 4-7 cm tall * 1-2 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Hebeloma crustuliniforme, also known as Poison Pie, is a medium to large agaric with buff or tan, greasy cap, clay gills and a stoutish, pale stem. It grows solitary or in small groups on soil in open mixed woodland. The mushroom is moderately poisonous.

Cap buff to pale tan, convex then umbonate with an inrolled cap margin until old. Gills pale grey-brown and exude droplets in moist conditions, adnate or adnexed, crowded. Spores are rust colored. Stem whitish, fairly stout, more or less equal, granular towards apex and the thick flesh is white. The mushroom has no ring.

Hebeloma crustuliniforme on the First Nature Web site.
Hebeloma crustuliniforme on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Hebeloma mesophaeum   (Veiled Poisonpie)
Family
Bolbitiaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2.5-4.5 cm diameter, stem 4-7 cm tall * 0.3-0.4 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Hebeloma mesophaeum, also known as Veiled Poisonpie, is a smallish agaric that has a greasy cap with dark brown centre and paler margin, clay gills and pale stem with ring. It grows solitary or in small groups on soil, mostly with conifers on late summer to autumn. The mushroom is moderately poisonous.

Cap dry, or slightly greasy, gray-brown, darker chocolate-brown toward center with pallid whitish margin decorated with fibrous velar remnants when young. Gills notched, medium spaced and pale brown coloured. Spores are rust colored. Flesh brownish, firm and stuffed. Stem pallid buff, becoming tinged brown with age, more or less equal, sometimes with a faint or more prominent ring zone.

Hebeloma mesophaeum on the First Nature Web site.
Hebeloma mesophaeum on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Hypholoma fasciculare   (Sulphur Tuft)
Family
Strophhariaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-7 cm diameter, 4-10 cm tall * 0.5-1 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Hypholoma fasciculare, also known as Sulphur Tuft Mushroom, is a medium-sized agaric that has a yellowish tan cap and stem, sulphur or blackish brown gills, and a faint ring zone. It often grows in clusters on stumps of broad-leaf and coniferous trees.

Cap convex, sulphur-yellow with darker orange center. It is expanded with age, smooth but with velar remnants attached to the margin. Flesh is sulphur-yellow, firm and moderate. Gills green sheen on greenish yellow to alove-brown, crowded, adnate. Stem is more or less similarly colored as the cap, but it is darker brown towards the base. Ring is zone-like, faint, and with maturity same color as spores.

Hypholoma fasciculare on the First Nature Web site.
Hypholoma fasciculare on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Inocybe lacera   (Torn-cap Inocybe)
Family
Cortinariaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 1-4 cm diameter, stem 2-4 cm tall * 0.2-0.5 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Inocybe lacera, also know as Torn-cap Inocybe, is in appearance a typical "little brown mushroom", but specific features are very variable. It grows often on sandy soil with coniferous trees and on old moss-covered fire sites.

Cap snuff-brown, typically convex with a small umbo, fibrillose and scaley. The margin curves inwards, and often splits. Flesh is whitish and unchanging. Gills are cream colored in younger specimens, becoming grey-brown with whitish edges. They are notched at the margin or reach towards but are not attached to the stem. Spores are tobacco brown. Stem brown at the slightly bulbous base, but lighter towards the apex, and fibrillose. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Inocybe lanuginosa has a woollier stem and spores with nodules.

Inocybe lacera on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Lactarius helvus   (Poison Lactarius)
Family
Russulaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 4-10 cm diameter; stem 3-6 cm tall * 1-2.3 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Lactarius helvus, also known as Poison Lactarius, is a medium-sized or large agaric that has a spicy smell, similar to curry. It has a cinnamon-brown cap, buff gills and excluding colourless, transparent milk. It grows solitary or in scattered groups on soil.

Cap velvety, initially slightly convex, becoming funnel-shaped as it matures and has a faint zonate (bull's-eye) pattern, beige or light grey at the margins and darkening toward the centre. Gills decurrent, first cream coloured, then darkening to ochre-yellow. The flesh is white or beige, often pink-tinged. Stem is similarly colored as the cap or more reddish brown, more or less equal. The mushroom has no ring.

Similar species Lactarius aquifluus is very similar in appearance and grows in North America.

Lactarius helvus on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Macrolepiota rachodes   (Shaggy Parasol Lepiota)
Family
Agaricaceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 5-15 cm diameter; stem 10-15 cm tall * 1-1.5 cm diameter
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Macrolepiota rachodes, also know as Shaggy Parasol Lepiota, is a large, fleshy agaric with shaggy, pale grey-brown cap and whitish gem with ring and bulbous base. It grows solitary or scattered on in woods generally, often with conifers.

[Description is under work.]

Chlorophyllum rhacodes on the Firs Nature Web site.
Chlorophyllum rhacodes on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Mycena pura   (Poison Radish Ground Mycena)
Family
Thricholomataceae
Location
North America, Europe
Dimensions
Cap 2-6 cm diameter, stem 3-9 cm tall * 0.3-1 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Mycena pura, also know as the Poison Radish Ground Mycena, is a small or medium, variable agaric comes in many different colours, usually with purple tints. Some are considered separate species or varieties; all smell of radishes. It grows typically in wooded and open habitats on humus-rich soil.

Cap convex or bell-shaped, becoming flattened; the margin lined; bald; moist or dry; typically lilac to purple when young, but often fading or developing other shades. Gills adnexed to adnate, may be sinuate and notched; whitish or sometimes slightly pinkish to purplish; developing cross-veins with maturity. Spores the spore print is white. Stem equal; hollow; smooth or with tiny hairs; usually similar coloured as the cap or paler. The mushroom has no ring.

Mycena pura on the First Nature Web site.
Mycena pura on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.
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Omphalotus olearius   (Jack o'Lantern)
Family
Marasmiaceae
Location
North America and Europe
Dimensions
Cap 8-12 cm diameter, stem up to 14 cm tall * 1-2 cm thick
Edibility
Poisonous

Description
Omphalotus olearius, also know as Jack o'Lantern is an orange mushroom that usually grows in dense tufts from the decaying underground roots of olive trees.

Cap initially convex with an inrolled margin, flattening and eventually developing an upturned wavy margin. The colour is bright orange to yellowish-orange. Gills deeper orange, recurrent narrow and forked. Stem orange, smooth, tapering and darkening towards the base.

Similar species Omphalotus illudens which has a more brighter orange cap.

Omphalotus olearius on the First Nature Web site.
Omphalotus olearius on Wikipedia.
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WARNING

If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Do not eat mushrooms you are not 100% certain of. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. The site takes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong identifications. If you continue, you agree to view this website under these terms.