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Galerina marginata   (Funeral Bell)
Europe, North America, Asia and Australia
Cap 2.5-6.5 cm diameter, stem 3-9 cm tall * 0.3-0.8 cm diameter
Lethally poisonous

Galerina marginata, also known as Funeral Bell, is a small agaric with a yellowish tan, sticky cap, similarly coloured as the gills and a ring on the stem. It grows in clusters on stumps and logs of broad-leaf trees. As the name, Funeral Bell indicates the mushroom is poisonous. It contains the same toxins as the Death Cap so it is a good mushroom to get to know and then avoid.

Cap starts convex, sometimes broadly conical, and has edges (margins) that are curved in against the gills. It becomes later broadly convex and then flattened, sometimes developing a central elevation or umbo. Gills typically narrow and crowded, with a broadly adnate to nearly decurrent attachment to the stem and convex edges. They are a pallid brown when young, becoming tawny at maturity. Spore print snuff brown. Stem more or less equal or is slightly enlarged downward. Initially solid, it becomes hollow from the bottom up as it matures. The membranous ring is located on the upper half of the stem near the cap but may be sloughed off and missing in older specimens. Above the level of the ring, the stem surface has a very fine whitish powder and is paler than the cap; below the ring, it is brown down to the reddish-brown to bistre base.

Similar species Galerina marginata may be mistaken for a few edible mushroom species like Pholiota mutabilis, Armillaria mellea and Kuehneromyces mutabilis.

Galerina marginata on the First Nature web site.
Galerina marginata on the web site.
Galerina marginata on the MushroomExpert.Com web site.

The third photo is by Huafang and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

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If you plan to collect fungi to be eaten, misidentified mushrooms can make you sick or kill you. Never eat a mushroom that you are not 100% sure is edible. Use many resources, and be skeptical of your own conclusions. Please consider that many mushrooms take years of experience to identify reliably.

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