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Pholiota squarrosa   (Dry Scaly Pholiota)
North America, Europe
Cap 3-12 cm diameter, stem 5-12 cm tall * 1-1.5 cm thick

Pholiota squarrosa, also known as Dry Scaly Pholiota, has a yellowish-brown large hat that is covered with brown scales. The gills are light yellow to brown. The foot is the same colour as the hat and protruding scales. The mushroom grows in small or large clumps on hardwood, often at the base of live or dead hardwoods.

Cap first bell-shaped to rounded and later somewhat flattened, yellowish-brown to tawny in older specimens. The scales on the cap are yellowish to tawny and recurved. Flesh pallid yellow and firm. Gills are covered by a partial veil when young and have a greenish-brown colour; mature gills are rusty brown and crowded closely together, attached to the stem (adnate), and usually notched (sinuate). Spores are brown. Stem coloured as cap above, becoming tinged rust towards the base, more or less equal or tapering downwards, scaly as the cap. The ring is ragged and almost zone-like.

Similar species Smaller and paler Pholiota squarrosoides is highly sticky-slimy beneath the scales. It also occurs on deciduous trees but is rare in Europe, more common in North America. Gymnopilys junonius found in the same habitat, lacks the distinctive cap scales.

Pholiota squarrosa on the Nature First Web site.
Pholiota squarrosa on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.

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