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Russula xerampelina   (Crab Russula)
North America, Europe
Cap 5-14 cm diameter; stem 3-11 cm tall * 1-3 cm diameter

Russula xerampelina, also known as Crab Russula, is a medium to large agaric that has a hard-fleshed cap whose colour varies but is often dark red or purple. Mature plants have a fishy odour. All parts slowly stain dingy yellow-brown when cut or bruised.

Cap convex, becoming later flat, with a broad, shallow depression. Surface sticky when moist, but soon dry; smooth - not streaked or warty. Colour most often dark red, but may be dark purple, pink, green or brown, often with traces of yellow. Gills broad, close to subsistent, adnate, yellowish-white. Stem solid at first, later spongy. Surface white or flushed with pink; dry, smooth to wrinkled.

Russula xerampelina on the Web site.
Russula xerampelina on the MushroomExpert.Com Web site.

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